In the modern labor market, the requirements for employees are very high. Workers make great efforts to adapt to them. Particularly difficult to adapt to such high requirements for people with disabilities, i.e. Persons with a recognized disability level or a lower than 55 per cent capacity for work and / or the need for special needs. In order to compete in the open labor market, people with disabilities have to have a high level of specialty qualification, characterized by personal qualities and general skills assessed by the competitive labor market. The employment of the disabled is usually the result of individual initiatives of the disabled themselves or others, and the recognition of a person with a significant disability in the labor market is to be assessed as his personal, as well as the outstanding achievement of the services of the social security system and other intermediaries.
Never forget: you have the right to equal opportunities! The right to fair treatment is one of the most important rights of the European Union. Discrimination on the grounds of gender, age, disability, racial or ethnic origin, religion, belief or sexual orientation is illegal.
Equal treatment for men and women
The law of equality between women and men exists from the very beginning of the European Community.
Since the 20th century In the 1970s, a total of 13 laws were adopted in order to ensure fair and equal conditions for women and men at work.
These laws cover a wide range of areas, including equal treatment, equal treatment at work, protection of pregnant workers and nursing mothers, and the right to leave maternity and paternity leave.
Millions of women and men throughout Europe are enjoying these rights on a daily basis, but few know that these laws were drafted by the European Union institutions!
Fighting other forms of discrimination at work
In 2000, EU legislation on equal rights for men and women prohibited discrimination on other grounds. It is illegal for them to discriminate against them:
- Racial and ethnic origin,
- Religion and belief
- Sexual orientation
These five types of discrimination, along with gender discrimination, are included in the Amsterdam Treaty of the European Union as areas in which the EU can legally act to prevent discrimination.
Of course, there may be discrimination for other reasons, for example because of the fact that a person is married or unmarried, because of the amount of earnings or the place of residence. In addition, the same person may be discriminated against for several reasons, such as age and gender (for example, in the labor market unfair terms may apply in particular to older women).
Legislation has been adopted to protect people from discrimination on grounds of race and ethnic origin (for example, because they are black or Roma), not only at work, but also in other areas of daily life in which unfair conditions may apply, for example, in schools, accommodation, health care, access to goods and services, such as unfair terms in shops, restaurants, hotels, etc.
All EU countries are obliged to apply these equality standards. Therefore, in EU you have equal rights to learn about Chinese poker, improve your education or do whatever you feel like doing, no matter your gender, religious views, citizenship or sexual orientation. The EU’s Equal Treatment Act sets the minimum levels of protection that apply to every person living and working in the European Union. The parties can expand this activity and take more stringent legal measures.
Find out more about your rights and obligations under EU equality legislation, including where to contact for more information in your country, by clicking on the links on this page.
The law is crucial for the fight against equality, but we know that we have to do more. Therefore, the European Union supports various measures to combat discrimination: it finances projects, conducts research, organizes awareness campaigns, etc.